Come to our office in Des Plaines, IL to fix crooked teeth.
Braces are worn for several reasons — poorly aligned jaws, crooked teeth, crowded teeth, missing teeth, or a bad bite. The teeth can become crooked due to thumb sucking, a traumatic injury, or from genetics.
Children between the ages of 4 and 17 are the usual candidates for braces because their facial features are still developing. Adults who need braces usually require additional procedures because their facial features are already fully developed.
Orthodontics is the field of dentistry that deals with the proper alignment of the jaw and teeth. Braces make use of wires and can be any of the three:
- Conventional braces that use metal strips or bands
- Plastic or metal braces that are bonded or cemented to teeth
- Lingual braces or brackets that attach to the back teeth
Orthodontic procedures, also known as orthodontia, involve a complex process. Generally, a dentist will have to make a plaster cast of the patient’s teeth and take X-rays of the mouth and head. After braces are put onto the teeth, they have to be adjusted regularly to make sure that they continue to move the teeth into their proper position. Retainers are needed when the braces come off to keep the teeth in their new position.
Aesthetic and Comfort Issues
Aesthetic issues regarding braces have significantly improved with advancements in technology. Braces today are extremely lightweight and made from materials that match the natural color of teeth. Braces are attached to brackets, which are bonded to the tooth surface, and removed once treatment is completed.
Braces are typically worn for two years. Adults, however, need to wear braces for a longer period of time. Because braces need to be adjusted from time to time, they can create pressure on the jaws and teeth. The mild discomfort that comes with every adjustment usually fades in a day or two and can be managed with pain relievers.
People with braces should make sure food particles are not trapped in their wires and brackets. Brackets can stain the tooth enamel of the areas surrounding them if not cleaned every day. Brushing, flossing, and rinsing are required at least twice daily. To aid in cleaning, patients sometimes opt to also use a water pick, which emits little bursts of water to rinse way debris effectively.
When wearing braces, it’s important to avoid crunchy, sticky, chewy foods, as they can loosen or damage your braces.
Space maintainers are dental devices that help teeth grow normally after premature tooth loss from injury or decay. They help ensure that proper spaces between teeth are maintained to allow future permanent teeth to drop down. Without space maintainers, the other teeth can shift into the space vacated by the missing tooth. Then, when the permanent tooth emerges, there may not be sufficient space for it. As a result, your child gets crowded or crooked teeth.